Dry mouth is a condition in which you don't have enough saliva to keep your mouth moisturized and wet. Referred to as Xerostomia in medical terms, it develops when saliva glands are not working efficiently. Surprisingly, other factors can also keep your mouth dry.
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- Breathing through the mouth
- Use of mouthwash
- Excessive salt in the diet
- Cancer therapy (radiation/chemotherapy)
- Excessive smoking and tobacco intake
- Autoimmune disorders such as Sjogren’s syndrome
- Alcoholic beverages
- Caffeinated beverages
- Imbalance of the autonomic nervous system lacking potassium and magnesium
- Deficiencies of iodine, vitamin B2 (riboflavin) or vitamin B3 (niacin). Taking B-complex or individual B-vitamins can help remove these deficiencies.
- Use of anti hypertensive drugs - Medications used to treat hypertension like alpha blockers and beta blockers have side effects including dry mouth. Further, researchers found that calcium channel blockers can inhibit saliva secretion, thus causing mouth dryness. Medical experts also say that Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors used for high blood pressure treatment as well as diabetes and kidney problems can also result in mouth dryness.
- Antibiotics – It is a known fact that antibiotics can eliminate bacterial infections in your body. Nevertheless, they can still trigger dry mouth as some have anticholinergic properties. Antibiotics used to treat pneumonia, bronchitis, sinus, ear, and skin infections in different parts of the body can also contribute to mouth dryness. This may leave you at risk of developing a type of fungal infection in your mouth called thrush.
- Pain Medications - Many patients typically report that they feel "cotton mouth" while taking pain medications with dry mouth as a side effect. Moreover, certain narcotic analgesics used for pain relief can create a dry mouth sensation. Opiates, in particular, are well known for their anti-secretory effects. Also, opiates stimulate absorption of fluid and electrolytes in your body leaving less fluid available in the mouth.
Any of above factors could be the reason why your mouth is always so dry. Its time you take care of your mouth and be informed about relieving yourself from mouth dryness,